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Tengchong County, Yunnan Province: China's Emerald City
Tengchong County, Yunnan Province is the birthplace of jade processing industry began in the mid-Ming, Xing Yu Qing Dynasty, has been 400 years of history, its connotation of wealth, the function of the wide range of fine crafts, jade carving industry in the country to enjoy a high reputation, known as the Emerald City in China.
The twentieth century, before the fifties, Tengchong has been a jade in Myanmar's largest distribution center, trading center and processing base, the "Emerald City" reputation, but also the only import channel. After successive Businessmen in Tengchong, jade went to all sides: After eight Mo, Rangoon and up to Sin Chew (Singapore), Sumatra, India, Toledo, Calcutta; or holes in Myanmar has been to turn Nepal into India from Tibet at Fort Columbus; from Kunming to Guangzhou, Shanghai, Hong Kong.
Jade is not yet as early as known to the world. Tengchong few of finishing workshops; the main is the emerald wool, decomposed sent Yongchang, marble carving, etc., in the Yunnan Province to sell locally. Later, due to transportation and all aspects of the constraints, can no longer meet the needs of foreign markets, many foreign craftsmen came to Tengchong was removed, in the Qiluo Village and Old Town God's Temple built near the processing point. At that time the technology, mainly on the shape and the system of jade material, making hand-held, earrings, hair ornaments, and some simple Buddhist workers, Li Ji, and household articles.
Early Qing Dynasty, with the economic development, urban expansion of the scale, commercial wind Jih Sun vault. Jade's output, sales, processing scale, grind Zhuo skills, with considerable progress. Plus workshop; decomposition, Oare Carpenter, small shortage of craftsmen, drilling, fine carving, and polishing on the light, each province has been a clear division of labor process, artists have been able to properly use tools, handle-shaped with God; the relationship between bone and flesh, the art and jade carving skillfully integrate. Emergence of Buddhism, figures, flowers and birds, and closely linked with the real life, a variety of jade, jade has begun to take shape. The middle and late Qing and early Republican era, the wind gradually jade collection Chi; jade ornaments have become the city of Shu people betrothal gifts, decorations, gifts, playing the main target of appreciation, the market in short supply, vault emerald jade industry in an unprecedented boom.
Tengchong County, according to set: "early Republican era, jade carving workshop in more than 100 craftsmen more than 3,000 people." Craftsmen from around the country have also come here especially and bring their distinctive processing skills, forming a contending situation. Appreciation was Pei, the various arts stream sources are numerous but mainly in Beijing, Shanghai and Yangzhou-based workers. Beijing emphasizes vigorous work smooth, round and generous; to produce more workers and people wear pieces of Buddha. Shanghai, Yangzhou workers in pursuit of layered, craft complex fine-Ling Long and elegant, mainly insects, fish, bird and flower production of wear parts. Throughout the late Republic and early days after liberation, because of the war and other reasons, jade is the ornament; not being taken seriously. Jade works of this period, modeling exquisite, the type system of rich and complete compatibility. So that modern master of many processes are strange enough.
According to incomplete statistics, Tengchong county, nearly 300 jade workshops, employing nearly 5,000 people, Tengchong Jade ZZ enjoy the right to operate the companies, firms up to 50 more than the number of individual businesses over a thousand Jade, Jade Processing collectively more than 20 personnel Five, six people, urban households are also private processing for more than 60 households, lotus, San and other rural families have more than 200 processing involved in processing of jade jewelry and over 20000 people. Production scale to much higher than the hands that pedal grinding times. Jade production process as a whole realized mechanization, work efficiency greatly improved level of technology with each passing day, many of jade crafts bulk marketing the country and around the world.
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